What is Roaming?

What is Roaming? : This is a term you’ve probably heard a million times. Voice, Data, National, International There are many contexts in which the term is used but what does it mean? And above all, why should you care? Let’s see the What is Roaming?

What is Roaming?
What is Roaming?

What is Roaming?

What is Roaming?

Roaming refers to the continuous data service issued to you when you go outside the coverage area of ​​your mobile operator. For example, you may access the Internet or make calls while travelling internationally under a cooperative agreement between your cellular provider and other network operators.

What is the meaning of Roaming

What is Roaming? Roaming is a term you often hear when dealing with your carrier, especially when thinking about why it costs so much. In short, roaming is a term used to describe the ability of a phone to connect to another carrier’s network while away from home or abroad so that you can make and receive calls on your “home” network. provide the same features used during text messaging and web surfing.

There are a variety of roaming agreements between carriers, some of which are free, but most of them impose additional charges on your monthly cell phone bill. It’s also worth remembering that the roaming service has to be activated with some carriers for your phone to work abroad.

Types of Roaming

1) National Roaming:

When users move from one region of their country to another, they do not need to switch their carrier, this is where national roaming goes.

2) International Roaming:

In this, you can make or receive calls while travelling to another country without changing the SIM card of your cell phone. International roaming works more or less in one way or another. In the absence of a mother network, the device will connect to a host network in a foreign region. The host operator will check with the basic network for roaming possibilities and, if so, forward all requests from users.

These two roaming are divided into two parts:

1) Roaming (voice and SMS)

Roaming charges may include the following activities:

You make a phone call on your handset.

You answer the call. You don’t actually have to answer the call in order to be charged for it.

2) Data Roaming

Data roaming is what bothers many people. We all have heard horror stories (in which a person was charged Rs.10,000/- after downloading a movie).

This is because data in roaming is usually charged on the volume of usage, such as per Kilobytes (KB) or Megabytes (MB). So you have to be cautious about keeping an eye on your data consumption. Also, sometimes the services and apps we use can connect to the Internet without our knowledge, which can increase our bills.

includes:

  • Reading, sending and receiving email.
  • Searching Google Maps (or another online map service).
  • Searching the web.
  • watching videos online.
  • Opening an app that is connected to the Internet.

How does Roaming work

The roaming process is divided into several steps performed independently by your device and network: Location Updates for access to the visited network and Mobile Terminated Calls (MTC) for call forwarding

Of course, data roaming also uses a special process that is not technically meant to be covered in this article. Please note, however, that data roaming and voice roaming may not matter to you from a practical standpoint, the most important information pertains to the physical connection to the host network.

Location Update:

The first step of the roaming process begins when the device is turned on, Airplane Mode is turned off, or the network is scanned for the first time.

The device needs to be able to connect to the network, but because it cannot find its mother network, a request is sent to the host network.

This then requires some information about the ‘third party’ users including the authorization of the roaming connection from the parent network. If it is positive, the device will be enabled to use the given network which will forward all requests from users to the mother network while roaming.

Mobile Terminated Call (MTC)

This defines the process of the roaming phase by which the call is made.

This process is extremely complex and involves many technologies or procedures that are impossible to remember. Just know that all this MSISDN is called MSISDN (Mobile Station International Subscriber Directory Number) – phone number. With this basic information, you can understand which country (country code), which provider (country code) and consequently to which mobile network and which user the call should be redirected to.

This process is extremely complex and involves many technologies or procedures that are impossible to remember. Just know that all this MSISDN is called MSISDN (Mobile Station International Subscriber Directory Number) – phone number. With this basic information, you can understand which country (country code), which provider (country code) and consequently to which mobile network and which user the call should be redirected to.

What is the difference between Data Roaming and Mobile Data?

Mobile DataData Roaming
Mobile data is internet access through mobile signal (4G/3G etc.)Data roaming is the term used when your mobile phone is using data on a mobile network, away from your home network, while you are abroad. So whenever you are using mobile data outside your registered area, you are roaming your data.
Mobile data service is the ability to use uninterrupted mobile Internet service provided by your mobile operator. Your home network provider probably includes the entire city or country.On the other hand, the ability to use mobile internet service away from the coverage area of ​​your home network is called a data roaming service.
Both mobile data and data roaming are practically the same, except roaming when you move outside your home network to use Internet service. While roaming you simply access the internet using another network.Mobile data simply refers to the Internet services provided by your network provider to enjoy wireless Internet access when you are out of the Wi-Fi range.
To access mobile data and data roaming, you need to tap on the mobile data switch to turn it on or off. If you’re trying to access mobile data while abroad, you’ll need to turn on data roaming. Switching off mobile data restricts Internet access on any cellular network, regardless of which cellular network you are connected to.Turning off data roaming, on the other hand, only restricts connections to other mobile networks while you’re outside your home network, but it still allows mobile data.
What is the difference between Data Roaming and Mobile Data?

Why is roaming so expensive?

Now then you must have known how complicated the roaming process is and the carriers can do whatever they can while setting the fees.

Domestic roaming is usually free. Unfortunately, international roaming usually charges data roaming fees which can be very expensive.

You can trigger data roaming fees in a number of ways: by sending or receiving text call (SMS) messages, or/or by downloading or uploading any Internet content (such as email or accessing web pages).

How to enable and disable roaming?

What is Roaming? There are two ways to enable and disable roaming on your mobile device. One way is to talk to your network provider, and the other is to configure it manually on your phone.

If you don’t want to do it manually, call the customer care number of your network provider. Sometimes this service is enabled by default.

To enable or disable this service on Android phones

To check if roaming service is enabled or disabled on your phone,

Settings > Wireless & networks > More > Mobile networks

Go to

and check whether the data roaming option is checked here or not.

If you don’t want to use roaming, make sure you un-check it. To be sure, you should also uncheck the Enable Data option.

Frequently asked questions on roaming

What is Roaming?

If you really want to be safe, I suggest turning off cellular data completely when you’re travelling abroad. You’ll still be able to send photos and check your email when you’re on Wi-Fi, so you won’t be surprised by a hefty phone bill when you get home.

Data roaming occurs when your phone is disconnected from your carrier’s network and moves to another network. Roaming allows you to make calls, send messages and use wireless data, even when you are outside the range of your network. Of course, the downside is that roaming data usually comes with additional charges to your account.

Data roaming is when your phone uses a mobile network that is not owned by your provider to send and receive data. A common example of this happening is when you are abroad. Your provider may charge you extra for data roaming.

Yes, if you remove the SIM then you will be completely safe from roaming charges. If your phone is unlocked, you can buy a local SIM to use the 3G network at a much lower rate than roaming charges. You can disable data roaming in the Settings menu.

Here are the easiest options for you.

Put your phone in aeroplane mode. Use it only (apart from features like the camera) when you can connect to Wi-Fi
Get an international plan. Each phone carrier offers its customers international plans, which vary.
Buy prepaid sim card.

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